History of the Guitar
It is amazing how we can all be so familiar with something and not know 1 history or origin. Anyone 2 the guitar is a modern invention is wrong. Anyone who thinks that the guitar is a hundred, two hundred, or even a thousand years old is also mistaken. 3most musical historians believe that the guitar was born at least 4000 4 no one really knows for sure.
The only evidence man has of the existence of guitars before the sixteenth century 5 on artwork. The oldest evidence of the existence of the guitar dates back to 1900–1800 B.C. It was found in Babylonia on 6 It depicts figures – one of which appears to be a king or deity – playing instruments that bear a general resemblance to the guitar. Of course, this is far too early for us to expect these instruments to look exactly like the guitars of today, but they did have strings and a 7
8 first known European stringed instrument only dates back to the third century A.D. It was made of dark sapwood, and had an oblong sound box that tapered into a long, wide neck, similar to that of the lute.  A second instrument was invented called the Carolingian instrument, getting its name from the 10 It was a rectangular shaped instrument with strings.
Moving into the seventeenth century, the guitar became popular and particularly valued by the nobility. King Louis XIV of France 11 considered the guitar to be his favorite instrument. The number of 12 grew rapidly during that time. Many aristocrats, seeking to curry favor with the king, therefore began to play the guitar as well.
It wasn’t until the 20th century that the guitar fully reached 13 Technological advances permitted sturdier, more durable instruments to be manufactured.  Consequently, more people were given the opportunity to participate in making music with the guitar, such as musicians, composers, listeners, and those of us who just enjoy picking out a tune for our own enjoyment. 
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Which of the following would be most acceptable as an alternative to the underlined word?CorrectIncorrect
Given that all the choices are true, which one provides the most logical transition to the information presented in the rest of this sentence?CorrectIncorrect
If the writer were to delete the words “dark”, “oblong”, and “tapered” from the preceding sentence, it would primarily lose:CorrectIncorrect
What is the most effective way to deal with the underlined portion of the sentence?CorrectIncorrect
Given that all the choices are true, which one is most relevant to the writer’s purpose of emphasizing the reasons for the guitar’s widespread appeal during the 20th century?CorrectIncorrect
Question 15 asks about the passage as a whole.
Suppose one of the writer’s goals had been to describe the guitar’s progressive rise in popularity since its invention. Would this essay fulfill that goal?CorrectIncorrect